An SSL certificate is a way of ensuring a secure and safe connection between the user’s web browser and the server. It provides a way of encrypting every item of data that is sent to and from the server. For example, when someone purchases something on the internet using their credit or debit card, all of their bank details will be securely transmitted. Stopping any malicious attempts to acquire them. If a website has a valid SSL certificate this can usually be identified by a small padlock icon preceding the web address. It will also display ‘https://’ as opposed to ‘http://’.